GVHC Projects on Preventing VAW

GVHC is at the forefront of research on the prevention of violence against women, and is a member of the research consortium implementing the DFID ‘What Works to Prevent Violence’ Global Programme.

Despite recognition of the extent of VAW and its severe consequences for women and girls around the world, rigorous evidence on what works to prevent VAW is scarce. GVHC has led some of the first cluster randomised trials of VAW prevention programmes in LMIC. We have evaluated a broad range of VAW interventions, including those aiming to empower women socially and economically, those working with men to promote ‘positive masculinities’, and those seeking to mobilise entire communities to challenge the underlying norms and structures that drive high rates of VAW. We are also interested in the potential for VAW prevention programmes to impact on other forms of violence such as VAC, and in how to integrate VAW and HIV prevention efforts.

GVHC is involved in all stages of the evaluation process, from formative research around the development of intervention approaches and content, through to impact evaluations and research into the adaptation and scale-up of promising intervention models. Economists within our team also work closely alongside epidemiologists and social researchers to cost interventions, a key consideration of policy-makers tasked with deciding which interventions to adopt on a wider scale.

At GVHC, we are strong advocates of mixed method evaluations. We have extensive experience in conducting cluster randomised controlled trials coupled with process evaluations (the ‘gold standard’ combo in the evaluation of complex interventions), but we also recognise the indispensable value of other kinds of quantitative and qualitative evidence, and the importance of theory to underpin both the intervention and its evaluation. We want to be able to answer not only ‘what works to prevent violence?’, but also the more complex questions of ‘how?’, ‘when?’, ‘where?’ and ‘for whom?’ different approaches might work.

Browse GVHC projects on Preventing violence against women:

Project title Description Main contact person Status
Indashyikirwa Evaluation


An impact evaluation of a community IPV prevention programme implemented from August 2014-August 2018 in rural Rwanda as part of the Global What Works to Prevent Violence against Women and Girls Programme


Erin Stern Ongoing
MAISHA: Preventing violence against women in Tanzania Mixed methods study with the overal aims of: 1) evaluating a social empowerment intervention to prevent intimate partner violence against women; and 2) gaining further insights into the different forms of violence against women, the drivers of violence against women, and the consequences of violence against women.


Sheila Harvey Ongoing


Qualitative evaluation of impact of a community based media and behaviour change programme on IPV (Tanga, Tanzania)


Shelley Lees Ongoing
IMAGE longitudinal longitudinal study on the scale up of the IMAGE (intervention with microfinance for AIDS and gender equity) in South Africa Meghna Ranganathan Ongoing
Learning Initative on Norms Exploitation and Abuse (LINEA) LINEA is an international, multi-pronged project testing how social norm theory can be used to reduce the sexual exploitation of children and adolescents (SECA) in regions across the world. Ana Maria Buller Ongoing
The SASA! Study Mixed-methods evaluation of a community mobilisation intervention to prevent violence against women and reduce HIV risk in Kampala, Uganda. (Cluster randomised trial, process evaluation, qualitative study, costing study) Tanya Abramsky Completed
The Intervention with Microfinance for AIDS and Gender Equity (IMAGE) study Cluster randomised trial of a microfinance and participatory gender training programme for the prevention of intimate-partner violence and HIV in rural South Africa Charlotte Watts Completed
Evaluation of “Education is a Conversation” Cluster RCT of a violence prevention and reproductive and sexual health intervention in conflict-affected Northern Uganda – study dropped after formative and protocol Mazeda Hossain Completed
Gender norms and economic empowerment intervention to reduce intimate partner violence against women in rural Côte d’Ivoire: a randomized controlled pilot study.


RCT evaluation of Village Savings & Loan intervention + gender dialogue group


Mazeda Hossain Completed
Men & Women in Partnership: a cluster randomised trial of an intervention to prevent violence against women in rural Côte d’Ivoire, a conflict-affected setting


RCT evaluation of a men’s group intervention to prevent VAWG in a conflict-affected setting


Mazeda Hossain Completed
Qualitative impact evaluation of RCT on CT, food and vouchers and IPV  (Ecuador)


Qualitative impact evaluation component of RCT on CT, food and vouchers and IPV  (Ecuador)


Ana Maria Buller Completed
Qualitative impact evaluation of RCT on CT, food and vouchers and IPV  (Mali)


Qualitative impact evaluation component of RCT on CT, food and vouchers and IPV  (Mali)


Ana Maria Buller/Nambusi Kyegombe Completed
Samvedana Plus CRT of intervention to reduce IPV and increase consistent condom use among female sex workers in north Karnataka, India Tara Beattie Completed
Project Samata (Equality)


to support adolescent girls from marginalised communities to enter and remain in secondary school until completion (aged 16), and thereby delay their age at marriage and potential entry into sex work , India


Tara Beattie Completed
Evaluation guidance development for violence prevention programming in conflict settings


Guidance for violence prevention programming in conflict settings (Sub-analysis of Cote d’Ivoire research, systematic review, secondary data analysis)


Mazeda Hossain Completed
Review of the global evidence on pathways by which cash transfers impact IPV


Systematic review/secondary data analysis of the pathways through which cash transfers impact on IPV Ana Maria Buller Completed
What works to prevent violence against women? (Component 1)


DFID funded programme to eliminate violence against women – LSHTM is a core member of the consortium and is the economic evaluation lead


Giulia Ferrari Ongoing


Research consortium investigating the social norms and inequalities that drive HIV structural drivers for HIV


Mitzy Gafos Ongoing

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