Just over a hundred years ago, the Seamen’s Hospital Society’s Committee agreed upon the employment of laboratory girls. Prior to this, position of laboratory assistants were given to men, however due to conscription during the First World War the number of men available to work dropped dramatically, hence…
On Wednesday 18th of November, 17 of the School’s finest bakers went head to head to win the title of best Great War Baker! As part of Explore your Archive week where archives nationally showcase their collections, the School’s Archives Service asked staff and students to bake a…
By Chris Olver
To celebrate World Toilet Day we thought it would be appropriate to quickly highlight one of our archival manuscripts on sanitary care in the tropics. Written by Dr James Balfour-Kirk to his godson who was travelling through the tropics with his family in 1925, Kirk provides…
In July 1915, Sir Ronald Ross was appointed Consulting Physician on Tropical Diseases and was sent to Alexandria in Egypt for four months to research disease among the troops in the Dardanelles. In his report at the end of his service, he states that on visiting seven large hospitals in…
Sunday is Armistice Day, a day where we remember those who fought and died in the First World War. Many of the staff and students of the School joined the war effort and to commemorate their efforts, the Library & Archives Service have selected four members of staff and outlined…
Ross in Alexandria, 1915
By Elizabeth Shuck
Between July and November 1915, during the hostilities of the First World War, Sir Ronald Ross was dispatched to Alexandria, Egypt by the War Office. Ross, the first British winner of the Nobel Prize in 1902, was there to investigate an outbreak of dysentery among troops stationed in the Dardanelles region, a narrow strait North West Turkey.
It would seem, however, that conditions at his hotel, the Regina, did not always meet Ross' expectations. Ross' diary from October 1915 shows that he was disturbed repeatedly at night by work carried out on an open drain just outside of his window. Ross was so concerned by these activities that he took the measure of planting culture plates on the window sill in order to look for harmful microorganism. Apparently, the activities not only kept him awake, but also, so he believed, caused him to, 'be made ill of it'
as he complained in a letter to the manager of the hotel on the 8th of October 1915.
Ross was so perturbed by these works that he also felt it necessary to write to the Major General who was commanding troops in Alexandria about the incident. In his letter of complaint to the General he argues that he, 'demonstrated dangerous germs in the air!'
. Perhaps Ross was correct in this
assumption, according to the results of Ross' window sill culture plates B.Coli, a parasitic species that causes the intestinal disease balantidiasis, and 'a large number of molds', was found to be present. Fortunately, Ross did not succumb to serious illness and was able to leave Alexandria after four months when the outbreak of dysentery ceased.
Bill for Sir Ross from the Regina Hotel, Alexandria, 1915
In the Archives there is a large collection of material on Ross’ work in Alexandria including photographs of the 21 General Hospital in Alexandria where Ross worked, garrison orders warning troops not to clean cutlery with unsterilized sand, nominal roll of admissions for dysentery for Number 17 General Hospital, post mortems on cases showing dysenteric ulcerationof colon at 21 General Hospital by George Bertram Bartlett and charts showing incidence of bowel complaints in the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force by David Thomson.
For further information, please contact the Archives Service at firstname.lastname@example.org
An exhibition by the International Centre of Eye Health (ICEH) is currently on display in the Keppel Street Foyer at the School. The primary focus of the exhibition is to raise awareness of the eye health research being conducted in LSHTM amongst members of staff and students at the School…
A stroke of good fortune took ophthalmic surgeon Arthur Ferguson MacCallan (1872-1955) to Egypt in 1903. There he became a world authority on trachoma and established Egypt’s infrastructure of ophthalmic hospitals. His Classification of Trachoma (1908) and pioneering work is still recognised today.
At 31 years old MacCallan…
When we look back at the early days of the School, we think of the Lecturers, such as Robert Leiper, the Directors, such as H. B. Newham, Sir Andrew Balfour, and even our School’s founder, Sir Patrick Manson, however we rarely look at other members of staff, who were…
Could you bake a Second World War Vinegar Cake, some Anzac Biscuits, a 1916 Gingerbread Sponge, or even a First World War Trench Cake?
Yes? Well now is your chance to show off your baking skills in LSHTM Archive’s Great War Bake-Off. As part of Explore Your Archive…